City Readers Digital Historic Collections at the New York Society Library
Giovanni Antonio Galignani (1757-1821)
Giovanni Antonio Galignani (1757–1821) was an Italian newspaper publisher born at Brescia.
After living some time in London, he moved to Paris, where in 1800 he started an English library, and in 1808 a monthly publication, the Repertory of English Literature. In 1814 he began to publish the Galignani's Messenger, a daily paper printed in English.
After his death in 1821, his two sons, John Anthony (1796–1873) and William (1798–1882) continued publishing the paper. Under their management it enjoyed a high reputation for its global coverage and emphasis on progressive news. Its stated policy was to promote goodwill between England and France. The brothers' goodwill was not simply rhetoric. They expanded their prestige by establishing and endowing hospitals at Corbeil and at Neuilly-sur-Seine. In recognition of their generosity, the city of Corbeil erected a monument in their honour.
In 1884 the Galignani family disposed of their interest in Galignani's Messenger. Since then until it was finally discontinued in 1904, the paper appeared under the title of the Daily Messenger.
Galignani's Messenger is referred to in Turgenev's novel Fathers and Sons. Also mentioned in George du Maurier's "Trilby".
There are also references to 'Galignani's' in Trollope's Last Chronicle Of Barset, Thackeray's Vanity Fair and Stevenson’s and Osbourne’s The Wrong Box.